İstanbul is a city where you can find all the things that you need for an unforgettable holiday. From the incredible food to the historical monuments, İstanbul is a city with something for everyone.
İstanbul is a cosmopolitan city with a rich cultural heritage and diverse population. The city has been inhabited since 6th century BC and has been conquered by many different empires throughout history, making it one of the most fascinating cities in Turkey.
İstanbul has everything that one needs for an unforgettable holiday – from incredible food to historical monuments and shopping opportunities.
Things to know about İstanbul
Istanbul is the most populous city in Turkey and the country’s economic, cultural, and historical capital.
Istanbul is a cosmopolitan city, with its population composed of around 14 million people from different ethnic and religious backgrounds.
Istanbul has a rich history that spans over 2,500 years. The city was founded as Byzantium in 753 BC by Greek colonists from Megara. It became the new capital of the Roman Empire following Constantine I’s move to Constantinople in 330 AD.
In 1453, Ottoman Turks conquered Istanbul after a siege that lasted six months. The conquest ended the Byzantine Empire and began an era of Turkish control over the region which would last for four centuries until it was defeated in World War I and Istanbul was occupied by Allied troops in 1918.
Where is İstanbul?
Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia. It is situated on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in its northwest corner of the region.
Places to see in İstanbul.
- İstanbul is a city of contrasts. From the historic architecture to the modern lifestyle, it has something for everyone.
- The Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace and the Grand Bazaar are some of the most popular tourist attractions in Istanbul.
- The city is also home to unique museums such as the Military Museum and Archeological Museum.
- Istanbul’s natural beauty can be seen in its lush parks and gardens such as Emirgan Park and Yildiz Palace Gardens.
The Hagia Sophia Mosque
The Hagia Sophia Mosque was originally a church that was converted into a mosque. It is one of the most important monuments of Islamic architecture, and it is considered to be the epitome of Byzantine architecture.
The Hagia Sophia Mosque, located in Istanbul, Turkey, was originally built as an Eastern Orthodox Church. Construction began in 532 AD by Emperor Justinian I and when it was completed in 537 AD it became the largest cathedral ever built in terms of area covered. The building would go on to serve as a Christian church for almost 1,000 years before being converted into a mosque following the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453 AD.
This building is considered to be one of the most important monuments of Islamic architecture.
Topkapi Palace is one of the most iconic buildings in Istanbul, Turkey. The palace was built by Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in 1459 and served as the residence of Ottoman sultans for 400 years.
The Topkapi Palace is a complex with many courtyards, gardens and buildings. There are seven different entrances to the palace and most of them are decorated with beautiful tiles and Islamic calligraphy.
The palace has been used as an administrative center, a home for the royal family, a place for entertainment or just as a place to relax. One of its most important function is that it served as an Islamic school for princes where they were taught about religion and science.
The Blue Mosque
The Blue Mosque is officially known as the Sultan Ahmed Mosque and is one of the most famous mosques in Istanbul, Turkey. It was designed by architect Sedefkar Mehmet Aga who was commissioned by Sultan Ahmed I. The mosque has six minarets and nine domes with a total of twenty-seven windows. The walls are covered in blue tiles that give it its name.
Yildiz Palace Gardens
Yildiz Palace Gardens is a historic site in Istanbul, Turkey. It is a public park that was originally built as a palace garden in the 19th century.
The Yildiz Palace Gardens are located in the district of Emirgan on the European side of Istanbul, Turkey. The gardens were originally built as a palace garden for Sultan Abdulhamid II in 1874, and were opened to the public after his death in 1909. The gardens cover an area of about 110 acres (45 hectares).
How to get to istanbul
Istanbul is an amazing city to visit. However, there are many ways to get there. If you are traveling from Europe or North America, you can fly into Istanbul’s Ataturk Airport (IST). If you are coming from Asia or Africa, then it is best to fly into Istanbul’s Sabiha Gokcen Airport (SAW).